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Issue 202 - 25 Oct 2011

Selected books - NZNO Library
These books can be borrowed by members, free of charge for a period of 4 weeks.

1.  Change is everybody's business
By Pat McLagan. Published 2002
: This title challenges you to realise the power you have to support, stymie or redirect change.  The author outlines the beliefs, character traits, and actions that will help you welcome change and take advantage of it rather than fear and resist it.  Through stories, examples, and questionnaires the author shows that everybody in an organization has the power to be conscious and powerful players in making changes for the better.

2.  The first-time manager's guide to team building
By Gary Topchik. Published 2007
This book will help you discover your own leadership and management style and shows you how to use it to create and maintain a high-powered, results-oriented team that will get the job done. Designed for immediate use by both you and your team members, the book covers team-building essentials, including decision-making, goals and standards, honest communication, clear roles and responsibilities, and celebrating success.

3.  A practical guide to project planning
By Celia Burton. Reprinted in 2001
More and more organisations are beginning to realize the benefits that project work can bring.  Specific projects offer employees the chance to become more involved in their work, to develop new skills, and to gain a greater sense of achievement. This highly readable book details the latest techniques for planning projects. It contains outlines of quick and easy planning methods, real case histories, diagrams and charts.

4. Trust and betrayal in the workplace : building effective relationships in your organization
By Dennis Reina & Michelle Reina. Published 2006
In today's workplace, trust is more important than ever. Through real-life examples and highly practical tips, tools, and exercises, Trust & Betrayal in the Workplace will help you create a work environment where trust grows so that people feel good about what they do, relationships are energized, and productivity and profits accelerate. More than ever, there is a need for trust in the workplace. After all, business is conducted via relationships, and trust is the foundation to effective relationships. Yet, trust means different things to different people and this is a big part of the problem. Collectively drawing on thirty years of research and experience with organizations around the world, Dennis and Michelle Reina put people on the same page. Their approach outlines a common language to discuss trust constructively, identifies specific behaviors that build and break trust, and it describes steps for rebuilding trust and sustaining it over time, even during periods of change.


5. ‘Stand still … , and move on’, a new early intervention service for cardiac arrest survivors and their caregivers: rationale and description of the intervention
By Moulaert, Véronique RMP et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p867-879 (13p)
To describe a new early intervention service for survivors of cardiac arrest and their caregivers, and to explain the evidence and rationale behind it.
Rationale: A cardiac arrest may cause hypoxic–ischaemic brain injury, which often results in cognitive impairments. Survivors of cardiac arrest can also encounter emotional problems, limitations in daily life, reduced participation in society and a decreased quality of life. A new early intervention service was designed based on literature study, expert opinion and patient experiences.
Description of the intervention: The early intervention service is an individualized programme, consisting of one to six consultations by a specialized nurse for the patient and their caregiver. The intervention starts soon after discharge from the hospital and can last up to three months. The intervention consists of screening for cognitive and emotional problems, provision of information and support, promotion of self-management strategies and can include referral to further specialized care if indicated.
Discussion: This intervention is assumed to reduce future problems related to hypoxic–ischaemic brain injury in the patient and caregiver, and its effectiveness is currently being investigated in a randomized controlled multicentre trial. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

6. Orientation and mobility training for partially-sighted older adults using an identification cane: a systematic review
By Ballemans, Judith et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p880-891 (12p)
  This study aimed to provide an overview of the development, content, feasibility, and effectiveness of existing orientation and mobility training programmes in the use of the identification cane.
Data sources: A systematic bibliographic database search in PubMed, PsychInfo, ERIC, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed, in combination with the expert consultation (n?=?42; orientation and mobility experts), and hand-searching of reference lists.
Review methods: Selection criteria included a description of the development, the content, the feasibility, or the effectiveness of orientation and mobility training in the use of the identification cane. Two reviewers independently agreed on eligibility and methodological quality. A narrative/qualitative data analysis method was applied to extract data from obtained documents.
Results: The sensitive database search and hand-searching of reference lists revealed 248 potentially relevant abstracts. None met the eligibility criteria. Expert consultation resulted in the inclusion of six documents in which the information presented on the orientation and mobility training in the use of the identification cane was incomplete and of low methodological quality.
Conclusion: Our review of the literature showed a lack of well-described protocols and studies on orientation and mobility training in identification cane use. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

7. Effects of virtual reality training on functional reaching movements in people with Parkinson’s disease: a randomized controlled pilot trial
By Ma, Hui-Ing et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p892-902 (11p)
 To investigate whether practising reaching for virtual moving targets would improve motor performance in people with Parkinson’s disease.
Design: Randomized pretest–posttest control group design.
Setting: A virtual reality laboratory in a university setting.
Participants: Thirty-three adults with Parkinson’s disease.
Interventions: The virtual reality training required 60 trials of reaching for fast-moving virtual balls with the dominant hand. The control group had 60 practice trials turning pegs with their non-dominant hand.
Main outcome measures: Pretest and posttest required reaching with the dominant hand to grasp real stationary balls and balls moving at different speeds down a ramp. Success rates and kinematic data (movement time, peak velocity and percentage of movement time for acceleration phase) from pretest and posttest were recorded to determine the immediate transfer effects.
Results: Compared with the control group, the virtual reality training group became faster (F?=?9.08, P?=?0.005) and more forceful (F?=?9.36, P?=?0.005) when reaching for real stationary balls. However, there was no significant difference in success rate or movement kinematics between the two groups when reaching for real moving balls.
Conclusion: A short virtual reality training programme improved the movement speed of discrete aiming tasks when participants reached for real stationary objects. However, the transfer effect was minimal when reaching for real moving objects. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

8. Does physiotherapy based on the Bobath concept, in conjunction with a task practice, achieve greater improvement in walking ability in people with stroke compared to physiotherapy focused on structured task practice alone? A pilot randomized ...
By Brock, Kim et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p903-912 (10p)
To compare the short-term effects of two physiotherapy approaches for improving ability to walk in different environments following stroke: (i) interventions based on the Bobath concept, in conjunction with task practice, compared to (ii) structured task practice alone.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.Setting: Two rehabilitation centres
Participants: Twenty-six participants between four and 20 weeks post-stroke, able to walk with supervision indoors.
Interventions: Both groups received six one-hour physiotherapy sessions over a two-week period. One group received physiotherapy based on the Bobath concept, including one hour of structured task practice. The other group received six hours of structured task practice.
Outcome measures: The primary outcome was an adapted six-minute walk test, incorporating a step, ramp and uneven surface. Secondary measures were gait velocity and the Berg Balance Scale. Measures were assessed before and after the intervention period.
Results: Following the intervention, there was no significant difference in improvement between the two groups for the adapted six-minute walk test (89.9 (standard deviation (SD) 73.1) m Bobath versus 41 (40.7) m task practice, P?=?0.07). However, walking velocity showed significantly greater increases in the Bobath group (26.2 (SD 17.2) m/min versus 9.9 (SD?=?12.9) m/min, P?=?0.01). No significant differences between groups were recorded for the Berg Balance Scale (P?=?0.2).
Conclusion: This pilot study indicates short-term benefit for using interventions based on the Bobath concept for improving walking velocity in people with stroke. A sample size of 32 participants per group is required for a definitive study. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

9. Application of wedged foot orthosis effectively reduces pain in runners with pronated foot: a randomized clinical study
By: Shih, Yi-Fen et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p913-923 (11p)
 To examine the effects of foot orthosis intervention during a 60-minute running test in pronated-foot runners with overuse knee or foot pain during running.
Design: A randomized, controlled design.Setting: Sports gym.
Participants: Twenty-four runners with pronated foot who experienced pain over anterior knee or foot region during running were recruited and randomized into the treatment, or the control, group.
Interventions: A soft insole with a semi-rigid rearfoot medial wedge was given to the treatment group, and a soft insole without corrective posting was applied to the control group.
Outcome measures: The immediate and short-term effects of orthosis application on incidence of pain, pain intensity and onset time were evaluated using the 60-minutes treadmill test.
Results: Immediately after wearing the foot orthosis, pain incidence reduced in the treatment group but not in the control group (P?=?0.04). After two weeks, seven (58%) subjects in the treatment group and one (8%) in the control group were free of pain during the test (P?=?0.01). The pain intensity score decreased significantly after orthosis application, from 35.5 to 17.2 (immediate effect, P?=?0.014), then to 12.3 (short-term effect, P? Conclusion: The rearfoot medially-wedged insole was a useful intervention for preventing or reducing painful knee or foot symptoms during running in runners with pronated foot. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

10. Efficacy of gait trainer as an adjunct to traditional physical therapy on walking performance in hemiparetic cerebral palsied children: a randomized controlled trial
By Gharib, Nevein M M et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p924-934
 To assess the effects of additional gait trainer assisted walking exercises on walking performance in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy.
Design: A randomized controlled study.
Setting: Paediatric physical therapy outpatient clinic.
Subjects: Thirty spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsied children of both sexes (10–13 years – 19 girls and 11 boys).
Methods: Children were randomly assigned into two equal groups; experimental and control groups. Participants in both groups received a traditional physical therapy exercise programme. Those in the experimental group received additional gait trainer based walking exercises which aimed to improve walking performance. Treatment was provided three times per week for three successive months.
Main measures: Children received baseline and post-treatment assessments using Biodex Gait Trainer 2 assessment device to evaluate gait parameters including: average step length, walking speed, time on each foot (% of gait cycle) and ambulation index.
Results: Children in the experimental group showed a significant improvement as compared with those in the control group. The ambulation index was 75.53±7.36 (11.93?±?2.89 change score) for the experimental group and 66.06?±?5.48 (2.13?±?4.43 change score) for the control group (t?=?3.99 and P?=?0.0001). Time of support for the affected side was 42.4?±?3.37 (7?±?2.20 change score) for the experimental group and 38.06?±?4.63 (3.33?±?6.25 change score) for the control group (t?=?2.92 and P?=?0.007). Also, there was a significant improvement in step length and walking speed in both groups.
Conclusion: Gait trainer combined with traditional physiotherapy increase the chance of improving gait performance in children with spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsy. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

11. Dysarthria following stroke – the patient’s perspective on management and rehabilitation
By Brady, Marian C et al. Clinical Rehabilitation, Oct 2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10: p935-952 (18p)
  To explore the perceptions of people with stroke-related dysarthria in relation to the management and rehabilitation of dysarthria.
Design: Qualitative semi-structured interviews.
Setting: Community setting
Subjects: Twenty-four people with an acquired dysarthria as a result of a stroke in the previous three years. All were living at home at the time of the interview. None exhibited a co-existing impairment (for example, aphasia, apraxia or cognitive impairment) that might have contributed to their communicative experiences.
Results: Participants described the considerable efforts they made to maximize their communicative effectiveness prior to, and during, communicative interactions. Activities described included careful articulation and vocal projection as well as more inconspicuous strategies including pre-planning interactions, focused, effortful speech and word substitution. Communication was facilitated by a range of strategies including drafting, rehearsal, manoeuvring and ongoing monitoring and repair. Self-led speech rehabilitation activities were functionally based and often undertaken regularly. Some novel reading-aloud and speaking-aloud activities were described.
Conclusion: The quantity and nature of inconspicuous, internalized, cognitive activities people with dysarthria engage in to maximize their communicative effectiveness should be considered in evaluating the impact of dysarthria following stroke. Focusing upon externally observable characteristics alone is insufficient. Challenging, functionally relevant, patient-focused activities, materials and targets are more likely to be perceived by the patient as relevant and worthwhile and are thus more likely to ensure adherence to recommended rehabilitation activities. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER].

Journals - Table of Contents

12. From Journal of Advanced Nursing (JAN), Volume 67, Number 11, November 2011
12A. The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. By Guo, Jia et al. p2294-2310 (17p)
12B. Coping and subjective burden in caregivers of older relatives: a quantitative systematic review. By del-Pino-Casado, Rafael et al. p2311-2322 (12p)
12C. Medication discussion between nurse prescribers and people with diabetes: an analysis of content and participation using MEDICODE. By Sibley, Andrew et al. p2323-2336 (14p)
12D. The effect of a cryotherapy gel wrap on the microcirculation of skin affected by chronic venous disorders.By: Kelechi, Teresa al. p2337-2349 (13p)
12E. Inequity in provision of and access to health visiting postnatal depression services. By Almond, Palo; Lathlean, Judith. p2350-2362 (13p)
12F. Experiences prior to diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a phenomenological study. By Wall, Christine; Glenn, Sheila; Poole, Helen. p2363-2372 (9p)
12G. Working with culture: culturally appropriate mental health care for Asian Americans. By Park, Mijung et al. p2373-2382 (10p)
12H. Associations between self-rated health and psychosocial conditions, lifestyle factors and health resources among hospital nurses in Lithuania. By Malinauskiene, Vilija et al. p2383-2393 (11p)
12I. Holistic concerns of Chinese stroke survivors during hospitalization and in transition to home. By: Yeung, Siu Ming et al. p2394-2405 (12p)
12J. Self-assessment or self deception? A lack of association between nursing students' self-assessment and performance. By Baxter, Pamela & Norman, Geoff. p2406-2413 (8p)
12K. The effect of music on biochemical markers and self-perceived stress among first-line nurses: a randomized controlled crossover trial. By Lai, Hui-Ling & Li, Yin-Ming. p2414-2424 (11p)
12L. Does collective efficacy moderate the associations between physical work load and intention to leave or sickness absence? By Jensen, Jette Nygaard et al. p2425-2434 (10p)
12M. Effects of a blended learning module on self-reported learning performances in baccalaureate nursing students. By Hsu, Li-Ling & Hsieh, Suh-Ing. p2435-2444 (10p)
12N. Student nurse dyads create a community of learning: proposing a holistic clinical education theory. By Ruth-Sahd, Lisa A. p2445-2454 (10p)
12O.  A confirmatory study of Violence Risk Assessment Tool (M55) and demographic predictors of patient violence. By Ideker, Kristyn et al. p2455-2462 (8p)
12P. Development and psychometric testing of the Spiritual Care Inventory instrument. By Burkhart, Lisa et al. p2463-2472 (10p)
12Q. Efficacy of penguin cap as scalp cooling system for prevention of alopecia in patients undergoing chemotherapy. By Kargar, Marzieh et al. p2473-2477 (5p)
12R. The discursive practices of nurse practitioner legislation in Australia. By Harvey, Clare et al. p2478-2487 (10p)
12S. A discussi
on of approaches to transforming care: contemporary strategies to improve patient safety. By Burston, Sarah et al. p2488-2495 (8p)

News - National

13. New Zealand Treasury - Pre-election Economic and Fiscal Update 2011
Published 25 Oct 2011

14. SDHB plans to audit use of ECT
ODT - 25 Oct 2011
The Southern District Health Board will audit its use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to reassure people the controversial treatment is being used appropriately. Otago mental health, intellectual disability, and addiction services medical director, psychiatrist Dr James Knight, said the move was prompted by the DHB's seemingly high rate of the treatment, although he did not believe comparing DHBs was reasonable or useful.

News- International

15. Is your world awash with germs?
Guardian Weekly - 24 October 2011
Only one in 10 of us wash our hands after going to the toilet – yet as a society we have never found the idea of germs more disgusting. Why the confusion? Encouraging people to wash their hands after using the toilet or before handling food might seem like stating the obvious. But the truth is quite disturbing: people lie – and lie quite spectacularly – about their personal hygiene.

16. Eight revolting hygiene facts
Guardian Weekly - 24 Oct 2011
How clean is your world? Here are a few things you might not want to know

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