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Whaea Tipuna - Akenehi Hei
Te Whānau a Apanui, Te Whakatohea, Ngāti Pukeko, Ngai Tai, Tuhoe, Te Arawa, Ngai Tawarere, Te Whānau a Manu
As the first Māori nurse to register using her Māori name, Akenehi Hei has become an inspiration and whaea tipuna to many aspiring Māori nurses, midwives and health professionals. Akenehi was determined to achieve her nursing and midwifery qualifications so that she could fulfil her passion to work with her people. Akenehi was able to incorporate both Māori and non-Māori values into her practice which was recognised by her peers and medical colleagues long after her early death due to typhoid.
Akenehi Hei Memorial Award
The Akenehi Hei Memorial Award for significant contribution to Māori Health is the highest honour that can be awarded by Te Rūnanga o Aotearoa, New Zealand Nurses Organisation (Te Rūnanga). It is awarded every two years at the NZNO Annual General Meeting and Conference.
The Award was commissioned by Te Rūnanga in 2001 and is an NZNO award, under the kaitiaki of Te Rūnanga. This taonga was fashioned by two artists from Waiheke island, Paora Rangiuaia (Ngāti Porou) and James Webster (Te Waka o Tainui) from three varieties of stone: pounamu, māpere (white marble) and uriuri (dark basalt) and is mounted on pōhutakawa timber.
The Akenehi Hei Medallion
As a symbol of recognition to honour the recipient, each is presented with the Akenehi Hei Medallion to acknowledge their ongoing contribution to Māori nursing, whānau, hapū and Iwi. Recipients also become a life member of Te Rūnanga .
The medallion is a representation of the Akenehi Hei Award, its tactile outer surface represents the māpere, the uriuri and pounamu.
The kōmiti is required to determine the successful candidate’s suitability and 'significant contribution to Māori Health', based on the information provided and using the following criteria:
- Rangatiratanga: Leadership role/positions influencing positive health and wellbeing outcomes for Māori - Whānau, hapū, iwi, urban Māori towards Whānau ora.
- Whanaungatanga: Ability to connect with others and establish effective working caring relationships - whānau, hapū, Iwi, urban Māori - towards Whānau ora.
- Kaitiakitanga: provision of guidance, support, ability to empower and care for others ie education, mentorship, engagement, whānau, hapū, Iwi, urban Māori - towards Whānau Ora.
- Kotahitanga: demonstrates ability to promote Unity and establish collaborative working relationships to improve the health and wellbeing outcomes of Māori and others - whānau, hapū, Iwi, urban Māori - towards Whānau ora.
More information about Akenehi Hei
Akenehi Hei was born and raised in Te Kaha, Bay of Plenty in the 1870s and was educated at St Joseph’s Māori Girls’ College in Napier. Her brother Hamiora (a member of the Te Aute College Students Association) and a great influence in her career. Hamiora encouraged Akenehi to become an assistant nurse at Napier Hospital and to learn the basic skills of nursing which would enable her to be a fit and 'efficient preacher of the gospel of health'. The role encouraged assistant nurses to return to their villages to 'counter' the influence of tohunga and to rear children in a more “acceptable way”.
In 1905 Akenehei extended her 'full' nursing training and passed her final exam in 1908. Anxious to be qualified, Akenehi also trained as a midwife.
The greatest difficulty Akenehi faced was balancing the demands of the training approach and values with cultural norms and traditions. Akenehi struggled to get the balance right, and she would often adopt a hard line approach with her Māori patients who refused to follow instructions, turning many locals against her, but as her experience grew she incorporated both Māori and non-Māori values into her practice. Te Akenehi said "great discretion must be used not to offend the patient's beliefs and uphold ones mission".
Akenehi was recognised by her peers and medical colleagues and was appointed as a hospital theatre sister. She returned to her passion of working with her people, and then later after a very short illness, succumbed to typhoid.
Suggestions at the time were made by Doctor Purdy, then Chief Health Officer, Tasmania, (whom Akenehi worked under) to honour and commemorate the work done by Akenehi Hei, by creating a Te Akenehi Hei medallion to be "worn as a badge by any Māori nurses who qualified as trained nurses and took up the service of nursing amongst Māori". Dr Purdy also said, "I am sure that my former colleague (Dr Te Rangihiroa) who was well acquainted with her work will see that the Māori people establish some suitable memorial to the memory of the pioneer of the movement among educated Māori women to spread the gospel of health among their people." (Kai Tiaki, 1911).