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Issue 31 - 19 September 2014

NZNO Young Nurse of the Year 2014 
Katrina Coleman, a Plunket nurse in Newtown, Wellington. 

Articles – Shiftwork; Sleep; Error Rates

1.  Rotating shift work, sleep, and accidents related to sleepiness in hospital nurses.
By D R Gold, S Rogacz, N Bock, T D Tosteson, T M Baum, F E Speizer, & C A Czeisler.
Am J Public Health. 1992 July; 82(7): 1011–1014.
A hospital-based survey on shift work, sleep, and accidents was carried out among 635 Massachusetts nurses. In comparison to nurses who worked only day/evening shifts, rotators had more sleep/wake cycle disruption and nodded off more at work. Rotators had twice the odds of nodding off while driving to or from work and twice the odds of a reported accident or error related to sleepiness. Application of circadian principles to the design of hospital work schedules may result in improved health and safety for nurses and patients.

2.  The effect of work hours on adverse events and errors in health care
By Danielle M. Olds a,⁎, Sean P. Clarke b.
Journal of Safety Research 41 (2010) 153–162
: We studied the relationship between registered nurses' extended work duration with adverse events and errors, including needlestick injuries, work-related injuries, patient falls with injury, nosocomial infections, and medication errors. 

3.  Fatigue, performance and the work environment: a survey of registered nurses.
By Barker, Linsey M.; Nussbaum, Maury A.
Journal of Advanced Nursing. Jun 2011, Vol. 67 Issue 6, p1370-1382. 13p
This paper is a report of a study of perceived levels of mental, physical and total fatigue, and also acute and chronic fatigue states, among registered nurses. Relationships between dimensions of fatigue and performance were investigated, as were differences in fatigue across levels of several demographic and work environment variables. Fatigue is a factor that has been linked to performance decrements in healthcare workers. As a result of the nature of their work, nurses may be particularly susceptible to multiple dimensions of fatigue, and their performance is closely linked to patient safety.

4.  Nurses' perceptions of medication errors and their contributing factors in South Korea.
Journal of Nursing Management. Apr 2011, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p346-353. 8p
The aim of this study was to identify Korean nurses' perceptions of medication errors. Knowing nurses' perceptions of medication errors is important in developing prevention strategies for medication errors. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A convenient snowballed sample of 220 nurses from seven hospitals was obtained. Participants were asked to identify contributing factors of medication errors, reporting and strategies to prevent medication errors.

5.  Sleep quality and quality of life in female shift-working nurses.
By  Shao, Ming-Fen; Chou, Yu-Ching; Yeh, Mei-Yu; Tzeng, Wen-Chii.
Journal of Advanced Nursing, Jul 2010, Vol. 66, Issue 7, p1565-1572 8p
Abstract: This paper is a report of a study of the factors that influence sleep quality and quality of life among shift-working nurses and the relationship between their sleep quality and quality of life. Background. Although shift-working nurses strive to adapt their life schedules to shift rotations, they tend to suffer from severe sleep disturbances and increased rates of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, digestive disease and irregular menstrual cycles. Poor sleep is also associated with medical errors and occupational injuries.

6.  Nurses' Perceptions of the Causes of Medication Errors: An Integrative Literature Review.
By  Hewitt, Peggy. MEDSURG Nursing. May/Jun 2010, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p159-167. 9p
The article presents a literature review that examines the perceptions of nurses regarding the causes of medication errors. Fatigue, poor physician handwriting and length of shift were common causes of errors perceived by nurses in the literature review. The article also discusses the research implications on the nursing profession.

Articles - Mentoring

7.  Providing constructive feedback to students during mentoring
By Duffy K (2013)
Nursing Standard. 27, 31, 50-56
The need to provide students with regular feedback on their performance is integral to the assessment process, but not all mentors feel confident to do this. This article highlights the benefits of providing constructive feedback for both the mentor and the student. Five principles associated with giving constructive feedback are discussed. The importance of preparing for feedback, ensuring it is provided in a timely manner and being specific are emphasised. Development opportunities to enhance mentors’ skills in giving feedback that is beneficial to the student are also discussed.

8. Mentoring in nursing: an invaluable exchange
By Taylor, Julia.
Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal. Apr 2014, Vol. 21 Issue 9, p29-29. 1p.
The article reports on the practice of mentoring in nursing and discusses research, including from Ehrich and Hansford, Andrews and Wallis and Fawcett, which has investigated mentoring and its benefits in the nursing profession. In the article the author reflects on her experience of being a nursing mentor in Australia and offers her opinions on the benefits of mentoring and developing mentoring programs.

9. Why clinical supervision matters.
By Baylis, Diane.
Practice Nurse. 6/13/2014, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p29-30. 2p.
Abstract: The article discusses the importance of clinical supervision in support of nurses to undertake their role safely. Topics discussed include clinical supervision as a strategy for professional development and a way to facilitate reflective practice and clinical decision making and the different models of clinical supervision such as the one to one between mentor and mentee, group supervision and peer supervision with group supervision as a typical model used in general practice.

10. Mentorship in Nursing: An Interview with Connie Vance.
By Nickitas, Donna M.
Nursing Economic$. Mar/Apr 2014, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p65-69. 5p
An interview with Connie Vance, professor of nursing at the College of New Rochelle School of Nursing in New Rochelle, New York, is presented. She shares how she became interested in the topic of mentorship in nursing. She explains the significance and relevance of the historical mythology of the concepts of mentor and mentoring to the modern profession of nursing. She also discusses the major elements of a successful mentor-protégé relationship.

Journal - Table of Contents

11. From Neonatal, Paediatric and Child Health Nursing (NPCHN Journal), Vol. 17, No. 2, July 2014

11A. Developing a culture of nursing research in neonatal clinical care in Western Australia
11B. The voice of the adolescent: perceptions of general practice and accessing other health care services
11C. Management of atopic dermatitis in children: Evaluation of parents’ self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-reported task performance using the Child Eczema Management Questionnaire
11D. RESUS4KIDS: Teaching paediatric resuscitation to nurses in New South Wales
11E. Cochrane Nursing Care Network: Psychological and educational interventions for atopic eczema in children

Are you a current member of the Neonatal Nurses College Aotearoa?
Access the NPCHN Journal, via the Neonatal Nurses College page on the NZNO website


12. Medico Legal Forum - October 2014
Facing virtual reality" - Managing professional and personal safety in a  changing world.
Digital media, social media, electronic records and a raft of other technologies are becoming a part of our everyday practice. Learn about the benefits and risks at this important forum being held at a variety of venues around the country in October. Places are limited
More information:
Register online:

13. National injury prevention conference In our own Backyard 
 Injury Prevention Aotearoa
Date: 6 & 7 Nov 2014
Venue: Te Papa, Wellington
More information:

News – National

14. Stay positive - it's good for you (actually)
By Aileen Nakhle - 18/09/2014
"Stay positive" - it's what we say when life throws a curve ball. But what good will that really do? Well for starters, it might add years to your life. Just ask anyone who's now working in Positive Health, a developing field that looks at links between psychological wellbeing and physical health. There may be different ways to describe and define 'positivity', but the results seem to be pointing to the same thing: a positive mind equals a healthy body.

15. Rest-home caregivers seeking equal pay
NZ Herald - Thursday Sep 11, 2014
Mother-of-three Petria Malloch and 2500 other rest-home caregivers have joined in a historic court case seeking "equal pay" for the largely-female rest-home workforce.Ms Malloch, 36, earns $14.76 an hour, just above the minimum wage of $14.25, and can only get 31.5 hours a week.

16. Push for healthy school food pays off
Bay of Plenty Times - Thursday Sep 11, 2014
Te Kura o Matapihi Primary School children were treated to a North African dish cooked by several of the women's Bay of Plenty Sevens team yesterday. A healthy initiative, set up two years ago to reduce unhealthy foods, has been a success at the school with healthy lunch options being sold three days a week.

News - International

17. Gold Coast 'Ebola' case just as likely to be malaria, says disease expert
A 25-year-old man, just back from the Democratic Republic of Congo, is placed in isolation in Queensland
The Guardian – 11 Sept 2014

18. Antibiotic resistance: how has it become a global threat to public health?
Medical News Today - Thursday Sep 11, 2014
The time may come when penicillin can be bought by anyone in the shops. Then there is the danger that the ignorant man may easily underdose himself and by exposing his microbes to non-lethal quantities of the drug, make them resistant," said Alexander Fleming, speaking in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech in 1945.


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