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Issue 43 - 1 December 2015

Articles  - Fall Prevention/Home Accidents

1. Fall Prevention: Single or Multiple Interventions? Single Interventions for Fall Prevention.
By Campbell, A. John & Robertson, M. Clare.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Feb 2013, Vol. 61 (2), p281-284. 4p
Abstract:
The article reports on factors, including poor strength, poor balance and psychotropic drugs, which increase the risk of falls among older people. A discussion of research which compared single and multiple fall prevention interventions is presented. In the article the authors offer their opinions on fall prevention interventions for older people

2. Fall Prevention Programs for Community-Dwelling Older People Should Primarily Target a Multifactorial Intervention Rather Than Exercise as a Single Intervention
By Day, Lesley M.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Feb 2013, Vol. 61(2), p284-285. 2p
Abstract
: The article reports on the benefits that older people can obtain from participating in multifactorial interventions designed to prevent falls rather than participating in exercise interventions. In the article the author offers his opinions on fall prevention interventions for community dwelling older people.

3. 6 low-cost or no-cost home modifications to avoid falls.
Harvard Health Letter. Jul 2015, Vol. 40 Issue 9, p1-7. 2p
Abstract
: The article discusses the no-cost or low-cost home modifications designed to prevent falls. Among the discussed home modifications include the installation of handrails in areas where extra support is needed, installation of bars near bathtubs, toilets and showers, and improvement of lighting system. Modifications for nonslip mats and treads and step and floor repair are also noted.

4. Implementing person-environment approaches to prevent falls: A qualitative inquiry in applying the Westmead approach to occupational therapy home visits.
By Clemson, Lindy; Donaldson, Alex; Hill, Keith & Day, Lesley.
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. Oct 2014, Vol. 61 Issue 5, p325-334. 10p
Abstract
: Despite evidence of the effectiveness of home safety interventions for preventing falls, there is limited uptake of such interventions within community services. Therefore, as part of a broader translational project, we explored issues underlying the implementation of an evidence-based home safety fall prevention intervention.

Articles – Gastric Diseases

5. The child with abdominal pain.
By Lowth, Mary.
Practice Nurse. 9/19/2014, Vol. 44 Issue 9, p10-13. 4p
Abstract
: The article discusses abdominal pain in children and how nurses may be consulted about chronic or recurrent abdominal pains. Topics discussed include colic as the most common reason for parents to consult about their baby, the importance of not missing the diagnosis of appendicitis in young children and the other causes of abdominal pain in younger children such as mesenteric adenitis, twisted bowel (volvulus) and gastroentiritis or inflammatory bowel disease.

6. NSAID gastropathy and enteropathy: distinct pathogenesis likely necessitates distinct prevention strategies.
By: Wallace, John L.
British Journal of Pharmacology. Jan 2012, Vol. 165 Issue 1, p67-74. 8p
Abstract
: The mechanisms underlying the ability of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to cause ulceration in the stomach and proximal duodenum are well understood, and this injury can largely be prevented through suppression of gastric acid secretion (mainly with proton pump inhibitors). In contrast, the pathogenesis of small intestinal injury induced by NSAIDs is less well understood, involving more complex mechanisms than those in the stomach and proximal duodenum.

7. Paediatrics
By Lemer, Claire & Lillitos, Peter.
Pulse. Oct 2015, p78-79. 2p.
Abstract
: The article presents case studies of three pediatric cases which led to misleading interpretation in the early stages by the general practitioner. The cases includes a 2 months old boy who was diagnosed with viral croup instead of Subglottic capillary haemangioma, a 8 year old girl who was diagnosed with gastroenteritis instead of Toxic shock syndrome and a 3 year old boy who was diagnosed with Transient synovitis, upper respiratory tract infection instead of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

8. Vital Signs: Foodborne Norovirus Outbreaks -- United States, 2009-2012.
By Hall, Aron J.; Wikswo, Mary E.; Pringle, Kimberly; Gould, L. Hannah; Parashar, Umesh D.
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. 6/6/2014, Vol. 63 (22), p491-495. 5p
Abstract
: Norovirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis and foodborne disease in the United States, causing an estimated one in 15 U.S. residents to become ill each year as well as 56,000-71,000 hospitalizations and 570-800 deaths, predominantly among young children and the elderly. Whereas noroviruses often spread through person-to-person contact, foodborne transmission can cause widespread exposures and presents important prevention opportunities.

Articles – Rosters

9. The 'Robust' roster: exploring the nurse rostering process.
By Drake, Robert G.
Journal of Advanced Nursing. Sep 2014, Vol. 70 Issue 9, p2095-2106. 12p
Abstract
: To identify and explore the relationships between stages of the rostering process and the robustness of the worked roster. Background Once published, a nurse roster is often subject to many changes. However, post-approval changes and their implications are rarely examined. Consequently, there is little evidence to determine whether a 'worked' roster was safe, efficient or fair. Electronic rostering systems provide greater transparency of the rostering process allowing postapproval changes to be examined more thoroughly

10. The nurse rostering problem: from operational research to organizational reality?
By Drake, Robert G.
Journal of Advanced Nursing. Apr 2014, Vol. 70 Issue 4, p800-810. 11p
Abstract
: To examine the practical applicability of the 'hard' and 'soft' constraints associated with the 'nurse rostering problem' as defined in operations management research literature and thereby investigate the objectivity of the rostering process. Background In practice, rostering nursing staff is often unrecognized, unrewarded and undervalued; yet, despite four decades of research, operations management has little to offer in terms of faster, safer, fairer or more effective rosters.

Selected Articles - Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 

11. Occupation and its relationship with health and wellbeing: The threshold concept for occupational therapy.
By Fortune, Tracy & Kennedy-Jones, Mary.
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. Oct 2014, Vol. 61 Issue 5, p293-298. 6p
Abstract
: We introduce the educational framework of 'threshold concepts' and discuss its utility in understanding the fundamental difficulties learners have in understanding ways of thinking and practising as occupational therapists. We propose that the relationship between occupation and health is a threshold concept for occupational therapy because of students' trouble in achieving lasting conceptual change in relation to their understanding of it.

12. Implementing person-environment approaches to prevent falls: A qualitative inquiry in applying the Westmead approach to occupational therapy home visits.
By Clemson, Lindy; Donaldson, Alex; Hill, Keith & Day, Lesley.
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. Oct 2014, Vol. 61 (5), p325-334. 10p
Abstract
: Despite evidence of the effectiveness of home safety interventions for preventing falls, there is limited uptake of such interventions within community services. Therefore, as part of a broader translational project, we explored issues underlying the implementation of an evidence-based home safety fall prevention intervention.

13. A peer-mediated school intervention significantly improved the social skills and playground interactions of children with autism spectrum disorder
By: Wilkes-Gillan, Sarah; Falkmer, Martia.
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. Oct 2014, Vol. 61 Issue 5, p371-372. 2p
Abstract
: The article focuses on a study examining the effectiveness of peer-mediated (PEER) school intervention programmes in improving the social skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It supports the execution of interventions in the child's natural environment than through clinical setting to ensure generalization of social skills. It also provides implications for occupational therapists working with children with ASD to facilitate their social skills development

Journal – Table of Contents

Neonatal, Paediatric and Child Health Nursing
Vol.18 No.3, November 2015

14A. Editorial: The state of nursing specialisation in Australia: Implications for neonatal, paediatric and child health nursing
14B. Parental concern for their adolescent attending Schoolies: a literature review
14C. Fragile forgotten families: parenting a premature infant in a rural area, where is the evidence?
14D. Peripheral intravenous catheters in a paediatric population: circumstances of removal and time in situ
14E. The missing voice of the nurse-parent: a literature review
14F. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants (Review)

Conferences

15. International Gambling Conference | Auckland
Date
: 10-12 February 2016
Indigenous pre-conference workshop on 9 February
Venue: Sir Paul Reeves Building, AUT University, Auckland
More information: http://www.internationalgamblingconference.com/

News – National

16. Anti-ageing drug could let you live to 120 in good health
NZ Herald - Monday Nov 30, 2015
The world's first anti-ageing drug will be tested on humans next year in trials which could result in people being able to live healthily well into their 120s. Scientists now believe it is possible to stop people growing old and consign diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's to history
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/your-health/news/article.cfm?c_id=1501145&objectid=11553026

17. Finding weight loss tough? Here's why
NZ Herald - Wednesday Nov 25, 2015
Scientists have worked out why losing weight is such a battle. They believe that the fatter someone is, the bigger the fight their body puts up when they diet. This biological battle of the bulge takes the form of a protein that stops flab from being burnt off
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/your-health/news/article.cfm?c_id=1501145&objectid=11551089

News – International

18. The high price of private health insurance brand loyalty
The Age - October 27, 2015
If you pay for a service but are not happy with what you receive, the logical thing to do is to take your business elsewhere. But that's not what many of us do with a large and growing expense: private health insurance. This is the conclusion of a recent report from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, which has highlighted the difficulty of shopping around for private health cover because of the sheer complexity involved.
http://www.theage.com.au/money/insight/the-high-price-of-private-health-insurance-brand-loyalty-20151021-gkewsg#ixzz3t1Mjh1o4

19. Antibiotic defences against serious diseases under threat, experts warn
Scientists in China discover a gene that enables resistance to move between bacteria – which is likely to spread worldwide, they warn
The Guardian – 18 November 2015
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/nov/18/antibiotic-defences-against-serious-diseases-under-threat-experts-warn

 

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