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Issue 44 - 4 December 2015

Articles  - Nursing Ethics/Social Media

1. The loss of common decency
By: Johnstone, Megan-Jane.
Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal. Nov 2015, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p23-23. 1p.
: The article focuses on problems of indecent behaviours in the nursing profession. It cites examples of alleged decline in decency in Australian media to highlight similar behaviours related to the profession such as disrespectful and abuse of use of social media and unethical behaviours in the course of nurses' everyday work. It discusses the philosophical characterisation of decency, expressions of decency and its importance for the person, particularly nurses.

2. Manage your online reputation
By Conrad, Sandra.
Physical Therapy. Sep 2015 Supplement Perspectives, p6-10. 5p.
: The article discusses the proper use of social media tools to project the professional image of physical therapy practitioners in the online world. Topics included are enumeration of opportunities on the Twitter and Linkedln web sites for personal branding by San Francisco Sport and Spine Therapy principal Jerry Durham, the potential damage from negative posts pointed out by American Physical Therapy Association director Jason Bellamy, and the cultivation of reputations and relationships.

3. Cyberbullying: A 21st Century Health Care Phenomenon.
By: Carter, Jemica M & Wilson, Feleta L.
Pediatric Nursing. May/Jun 2015, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p115-125. 11p
This study examined bullying and cyberbullying prevalence among 367 adolescents 10 to 18 years of age who were attending schools and community organizations in suburban and urban neighborhoods in the Midwest United States. The correlational design investigated adolescents' daily use of technology that could be used to cyberbully peers, such as cell phones, computers, email, and the Internet. Results showed that 30% of participants had been bullied during school, and 17% had been cyberbullied, with online social networking sites the most common media employed (68%).

4. Professionalism in a Digital Age: Opportunities and Considerations for Using Social Media in Health Care
By Gagnon, Kendra; Sabus, Carla.
Physical Therapy. Mar 2015, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p406-414. 9p
: Since the beginning of the millennium, there has been a remarkable change in how people access and share information. Much of this information is user-generated content found on social media sites. As digital technologies and social media continue to expand, health care providers must adapt their professional communication to meet the expectations and needs of consumers. This adaptation may include communication on social media sites. 

5. Physical Therapy 2.0: Leveraging Social Media to Engage Patients in Rehabilitation and Health Promotion
By: Knight, Emily; Werstine, Robert J.; Rasmussen-Pennington, Diane M.; Fitzsimmons, Deborah; Petrella, Robert J.
Physical Therapy. Mar 2015, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p389-396. 8p
: Care for chronic conditions and noncommunicable diseases is dominating health systems around the globe. For physical therapists, this strain presents a substantial opportunity for engaging patients in health promotion and disease management in the years to come. Examples of social media being used to engage consumers in the business landscape are pervasive, and research reports suggest that patients are ready for social media to be incorporated into the way health care systems deliver care.

6. A Friendly Reminder.
By Kirsch, Nancy R.
PT in Motion. Feb 2015, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p10-13. 4p.
: The article discusses the impact of Internet technology (IT) and social media in the society. An overview on the Code of Ethics guidance and complementary materials for the physical therapist, is provided. Also emphasized is the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) position standards of conduct for the social media

Articles - Hepatitis A

7. An Outbreak of Hepatitis A Associated with Green Onions
By Wheeler, Charlotte, MD, MPH; Vogt, Tara M, PhD, MPH; Armstrong, Gregory L, MD; Vaughan, Gilberto, BS; Weltman, Andre, MD, MSc; et al.
The New England Journal of Medicine (Sep 1, 2005): 890-7
: In November 2003, a large hepatitis A outbreak was identified among patrons of a single Pennsylvania restaurant. We investigated the cause of the outbreak and factors that contributed to its unprecedented size. Demographic and clinical outcome data were collected from patients with laboratory confirmation of hepatitis A, and restaurant workers were tested for hepatitis A.

8. Etiology of hemolysis in two patients with hepatitis A infection: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency or autoimmune hemolytic anemia
By Ozbay Hosnut, Ferda; Ozcay, Figen; Selda Bayrakci, Umut; Avci, Zekai; Özbek, Namik.
European Journal of Pediatrics (Dec 2008): 1435-9.
: We report two children with hemolytic anemia during the course of hepatitis A infection. On admission, the patients had high blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and uric acid levels, as well as anemia, leucocytosis, and direct and indirect hyperbilirubinemia. Both patients had a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD) and autoimmune antibodies. They were given vitamin K on admission. Inadvertent administration of vitamin K could have been related to an acute reduction in hemoglobin concentration.

9. Evidence-to-policy gap on hepatitis A vaccine adoption in 6 countries: Literature vs. policymakers' beliefs
By Ozawa, Sachiko; Privor-Dumm, Lois A; Nanni, Angeline; Durden, Emily; Maiese, Brett A; et al.
Vaccine (Jul 7, 2014): 4089-4096.
: National vaccine adoption decisions may be better understood by linking multiple data sources. When examining countries' decisions to adopt the hepatitis A vaccine, applying multiple research methods can facilitate assessments of gaps between evidence and policy. We conducted a literature review on hepatitis A and stakeholder interviews about decisions to adopt the vaccine in six countries (Chile, India, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, and Taiwan).

Articles – Cancer: Pancreas; Melanoma

10. The role of risk tools in diagnosing cancer in primary care
By  Emery, Jon;   Chiang, Peggy
Australian Family Physician, Vol. 43, No. 8, Aug 2014: 508-512
: Diagnosing cancer on the basis of a patient's symptoms and risk factors is a core role for general practice. Equally, as part of a cost-effective health system, GPs should avoid over-investigation or referral of patients who are very unlikely to have cancer. Diagnosing cancer in primary care is not straightforward because many of the symptoms of cancer have more common benign causes

11. Chemoradiation for locally advanced non-metastatic pancreatic cancer - a literature review
By Huang, Junou
Shadows: The New Zealand Journal of Medical Radiation Technology, Vol 55 Issue 1 (Mar 2012)
: In 2007, pancreatic cancer was the 5th most common cause of cancer-related deaths in New Zealand. Over this year, there were 421 new cases diagnosed and 428 deaths reported by the Ministry of Health (2010). The ratio of incidence to deaths reflects the almost universally fatal outcome of this disease

12. Disease state management: Sunburn, suntan and photosensitivity
By Roller, Louis;   Gowan, Jenny
AJP: The Australian Journal of Pharmacy, Vol. 95, No. 1135, Dec 2014: 58-65
: Overexposure to sunlight damages the skin. Pharmacists need also be conscious of the many drugs that are implicated in photosensitivity reactions.

13. Research nurses changing the face of melanoma treatments
By Davison, Jill;   Hart, Rosetta;   Russell, Carol;   Temby, Sharon
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, Vol. 22, No. 2, Aug 2014: 39
: Metastatic melanoma has traditionally been associated with poor treatment efficacy and short life expectancy.

14,. Melanoma
By Thompson, John F &   Menzies, Alexander M
Cancer Forum, Vol. 37, No. 1, Mar 2013: 65-66

Abstract: Forty years ago the causes, incidence and natural history of melanoma were still poorly understood. Little was known about prognostic factors, and radical surgery was routine for all melanomas. However, dedicated melanoma treatment centres had been established in Sydney and Brisbane and Australians were at the forefront of early epidemiological research into melanoma

Journal Table of Contents

From Contemporary Nurse, Volume  50, Issue 1, February 2015

15A. Mental health recovery: lived experience of consumers, carers and nurses
15B. From margins to centre: an oral history of the wartime experience of Iranian nurses in the Iran-Iraq War, 1980–1988
15C. The efficacy of cold-gel packing for relieving episiotomy pain – a quasi-randomised control trial
15D. Patients’ experiences of adapting to multiple sclerosis: a qualitative study
15E. Being diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI): sources of support for young women
15F. Determination of nursing students' expectations for faculty members and the perceived stressors during their education
15G. Designing a medical records review tool: an instructional guide
15H. The impact of psychological empowerment and organisational commitment on Chinese nurses’ job satisfaction
15I. Making the case for a more accurate cardiovascular disease risk assessment tool for Indigenous Australians
15J. Two male nurses’ experiences of caring for female patients after intimate partner violence: a South African perspective
15K. Status of nurse staffing and nursing care delivery in Pudong, Shanghai
15L. Workplace incivility: a concept analysis


16. Public Health Summer School
: 1-19 February 2016
Venue: University of Otago, Wellington
This is the 20th anniversary of the Public Health Summer School. A special anniversary programme is available offering 33 short courses (1-3 days).
More information:

17. Adolescent health
14 April 2016
Venue: Wellington

This seminar covers key aspects of adolescent friendly health care for 10–24 year olds in primary care settings, with a focus on mental health. Speakers including Sue Bagshaw & Sean Hanna will discuss developmental issues and alcohol & drug use  within a health promotion and resilience framework. 
Register at:

News – National

18. Frozen berry brand recalled after hepatitis A scare
TVNZ – 3 Dec 2015

A brand of imported frozen berries has been recalled in the wake of a health scare that left four people with hepatitis A.

19. Brains aren't male or female – study
NZ Herald -  Wednesday Dec 2, 2015

Lots of folks - well-intentioned and otherwise - like to point out the supposed differences between male and female brains. But it's time to throw away the brain gender binary, according to a study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Brains can't really fit into the categories of "male" or "female" - their distinguishing features actually vary across a spectrum.

News – International

20. Too much screen time is biggest health concern for kids, parents say
The Age - December 2, 2015

Worried parents have nominated excessive screen time as their biggest health fear for children, higher than drug use, asthma and cancer.  The poll of 2000 adults by the Royal Children's Hospital also found parents were six times more likely to be concerned about obesity in children other than their own.

21. Aspen Medical wins tender to provide Indigenous health care
The Age - December 1, 2015

A Canberra company has won a tender to offer a program which gives health professionals from metropolitan areas like the ACT the opportunity to work in remote Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory.

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