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Issue 28 Library e-newsletter - 7 August 2017

Articles – Prostate Cancer Screening

1. Does prostate cancer screening matter?
Harvard Men's Health Watch, Aug 2017; 22(1): 1-7. (2p)
: The article discusses the importance of prostate cancer screening. Topics covered include how the updated guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) support its 2012 conclusion that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screenings have only a small potential benefit for decreasing the risk of death of prostate cancer for men ages 55 to 69 and how men ages 70 and older should bypass PSA screenings altogether.

2. Similar perspectives on prostate cancer screening value and new guidelines across patient demographic and PSA level subgroups: A qualitative study.
Partin, Melissa R.; Lillie, Sarah E.; White, Katie M.; Wilt, Timothy J.; Chrouser, Kristin L.; Taylor, Brent C.; Burgess, Diana J.
Health Expectations, Aug 2017; 20(4): 779-787 (9p)
: In 2012, the United States Preventive Services Task Force ( USPSTF) recommended against prostate-specific antigen ( PSA)-based prostate cancer screening for all men. To inform educational materials addressing patient questions and concerns about the 2012 USPSTF guidelines, we sought to: (i) characterize patient perceptions about prostate cancer screening benefits, harms and recommendations against screening, and (ii) compare perceptions across race, age and PSA level subgroups

3. Most men prefer informed decision-making for PCa.
Lawrence, Leah
Urology Times, 4/15/2017; 45(5): 8-10. (2p)
: The article reports that research presented at the Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in Orlando, Florida has found that participants in an outreach event for prostate cancer screening preferred education about prostate cancer before undergoing screening and thought that the use of an informed decision-making model was advantageous. Topics covered include how majority of prostate cancer recurrences are eligible for local therapies and must not be considered palliative.

4. Functional quality-of-life outcomes reported by men treated for localized prostate cancer: A systematic literature review
Baker, Hilary; Wellman, Sandie; Lavender, Verna
Oncology Nursing Forum, Mar 2016; 43(2): 199-218. (20p)
: To systematically evaluate the literature for functional quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes following treatment for localized prostate cancer. Literature Search: The MEDLINE®, CINAHL®, EMBASE, British Nursing Index, PsycINFO®, and Web of ScienceTM databases were searched using key words and synonyms for localized prostate cancer treatments.

5. Men's preferences and trade-offs for prostate cancer screening: a discrete choice experiment
Howard, Kirsten; Salkeld, Glenn P.; Patel, Manish I.; Mann, Graham J.; Pignone, Michael P
Health Expectations, Dec 2015; 18(6): 3123-3135. (13p)
: The article presents a study which examines the preferences and trade-offs of men for the prostate cancer screening using prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The study uses the mixed logit model for the examination of the impact of the attributes including diagnosis, death, and unnecessary biopsies on the preferences of men for PSA. Results show that the characteristics of the test are influencing the preferences of men.

Articles – Skin/Atopic Disorders/Dermatitis

6. Healthy infant with a blistering rash
Fenton, Paul H.; Landherr, Matthew J.; Noe, Megan H.; Ciliberto, Heather; Wanat, Karolyn A.
Journal of Family Practice. Mar 2017, Vol. 66 Issue 3, pE1-E3. (3p)
: The parents denied any environmental exposures and said that the child hadn't had contact with anyone with a similar rash. The distribution of the rash was revealing.

7. Widespread erythematous skin eruption
Généreux, André D.; Wetter, David A.
Journal of Family Practice. Mar 2017, Vol. 66 Issue 3, p181-183. (3p)
The patient presented with a salmon-colored rash from head to toe. The distinctive clinical presentation and a biopsy pointed to an uncommon diagnosis.

8. Atopic dermatitis, asthma and allergic rhinitis in general practice and the open population: a systematic review.
Pols, D. H. J.; Wartna, J. B.; Moed, H.; van Alphen, E. I.; Bohnen, A. M.; Bindels, P. J.
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. Jun 2016, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p143-150. (8p)
: To examine whether significant differences exist between the self-reported prevalence of atopic disorders in the open population compared with physician diagnosed prevalence of atopic disorders in general practice.

9. What links these skin disorders.
Pulse. 11/23/2011, Vol. 71 Issue 39, p36-37. (2p)

A quiz concerning the type of skin diseases by consultant dermatologist is presented.

Articles – Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

These three articles are free to download. Click on the link underneath each citation.

10. Conscience and moral obligations of physicians
Professor David Isaacs
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2 Aug 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/jpc.13647: Pages 731–732
: A good doctor is one who respects what is in the heart as well as in the head. Your conscience is your personal sense of right and wrong. A moral obligation is different; it is how we feel all physicians ought to behave. There are some things the public might expect from any physician which could reasonably be considered true moral obligations, while there are other things which people might hope for from a physician, and could be considered aspirations rather than obligations.

11. On being a fat medical student, at the start of our metabolism module
Isabelle Lomax-Sawyers
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, Version of Record online: 10 Jul 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/jpc.13648: Pages 733–734
: We're starting our ‘metabolism’ module at med school this week, and I'm dreading it with every fibre of my being. You see, I am going to be a doctor, and I am fat. I am always aware of my fatness, but perhaps more so here at medical school. We are training to work with bodies, and mine is a type of body we warn our patients not to have. It is the first thing described in every list of ‘modifiable risk factors’

12. Effectiveness of paracetamol versus ibuprofen administration in febrile children: A systematic literature review
Kaajal Narayan, Simon Cooper, Julia Morphet and Kelli Innes
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, Version of Record online: 24 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/jpc.13507
The use of antipyretics to manage the febrile child is becoming increasingly popular. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are the most commonly used interventions to manage fever in children; however, there have been no comparative analyses. The aim of the study is to evaluate the evidence comparing paracetamol to ibuprofen in the treatment of fever in children

Journal Table of Contents

Primary Health Care: The RCN Community Health Nursing Journal, June 2017

13A. Editorial: Cast your eye over the RCN election manifesto before you vote on 8 June
13B. News: Men’s health initiative wins community nursing award; Nurses’ pivotal inequalities role; Wider mix of staff needed; call for end of life helpline to be national
13C. News Analysis: How a nurse-led centre improved complex wound healing rates
13D. News Analysis: Ask dying adults about their spiritual beliefs
13E. News Journal scan: Exploration of the acceptability of the physician associate role; The need to address high number of cancer diagnoses in emergency units; Health professionals are most trusted on immunisation advice
13F. News Research Focus: Sugar consumption; An online survey on consumer knowledge and understanding of added sugars; Cross-sectional survey of the amount of free sugars and calories in carbonated sugar-sweetened beverages on sale in the UK
13G. Opinion: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines; Health checks for people with severe mental illness; Time for joined-up thinking for irregular surgery hours
13H. ‘I like to bring about change’: Integration lead for homelessness Jane Cook is passionate about providing healthcare for excluded groups and improving services
13I. Empowering nurses to choose practice nursing
13J. Men’s health advocate wins RCNi Community Nursing Award
13K. Implementation of cancer treatment summaries in NHS Ayrshire and Arran
13L. Streamlining perioperative care for oesophago-gastric cancer surgery patients using home remote monitoring
13M. Can primary care work for alcohol-related admissions to tertiary care?
13N. Consent to medical treatment of the mature minor: is autonomy achievable?


14. Making an impact: putting knowledge to work in rehabilitation
NZ Rehabilitation Association

Date: 8-10 September 2017
Location: Rydges Latimer, Christchurch
More information:

News – National

15. Doco's claim eating eggs as bad as smoking cigarettes debunked
Newshub: 7/8/2017

Health professionals have slammed a film that claims eating eggs is as bad as smoking cigarettes. The Netflix documentary What The Health says eating one egg a day is as bad as smoking five cigarettes a day, and that one serving of processed meat a day increases the risk of developing diabetes by 51 percent.

News – International

16. Loneliness is deadlier than obesity, study suggests
The Telegraph – 6 August 2017

Loneliness is deadlier than obesity and should be considered a major public health hazard, the biggest ever review into the problem has suggested. Researchers in the US looked at 218 studies into the health effects of social isolation and loneliness involving nearly four million people.

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