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Issue 17 - 30 September 2021

Read Kai Tiaki online

Articles: Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, October 2020

  1. How nurse-led models of care are reshaping healthcare
  2. Bereavement in older people
  3. Issues: Mask-related skin injury during a respiratory pandemic - a wound CNC perspective
  4. End PJ Paralysis: An initiative to reduce patient's functional decline
  5. Research and policy: Practical COVID-19 policy decisions - Fit checking and testing for P2/N95 respirators
  6. Issues: Ward Management of COVID-19 patient - case study outcomes at the Royal Melbourne Hospital - General Medical/Respiratory Ward-5SW
  7. Medicinal cannabis
  8. Gaps in nurses knowledge of sleep health

Articles: Canadian Geriatrics Journal, September 2021

  1. Developing a Supplemental Assessment Tool for Younger Residents in Long-Term Care
  2. Factors Associated With Patient Engagement in Shared Decision-Making for Stroke Prevention Among Older Adults with Atrial Fibrillation
  3. The Cultural Diversity of Dementia Patients and Caregivers in Primary Care Case Management: a Pilot Mixed Methods Study
  4. COVID-19 and Long-Term Care: the Essential Role of Family Caregivers

Articles: Mask wearing

  1. Making the most of masks
  2. Sensory trick effect in craniofacial dystonia as one of the possible impacts of wearing face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic
  3. From Anxiety To Control: Mask-Wearing, Perceived Marketplace Influence, And Emotional Well-Being During The Covid-19 Pandemic
  4. Wearing a mask - For yourself or for others? Behavioral correlates of mask wearing among COVID-19 frontline workers
  5. Wearing a N95 mask increases rescuer's fatigue and decreases chest compression quality in simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  6. Change Over Time in Public Support for Social Distancing, Mask Wearing, and Contact Tracing to Combat the COVID- 19 Pandemic Among US Adults, April to November 2020

Events

  1. Equity in Health Conference
  2. New Zealand Nursing Leaders' Summit
  3. 36th Industrial and Employment Relations (IER) Summit

National News

  1. ASMS - Our new report - a roadmap to health equity by 2040
  2. Dementia cases expected to double by 2050, costs to reach $6b per year - report
  3. How the pandemic became a referendum on work
  4. Why 7000 steps a day might be the new target for health

International News

  1. Mental health days are on the rise in the corporate world, but they're not a silver bullet for workplace stress
  2. Tasmanian healthcare workers struggling with long COVID over a year on from north-west outbreak
  3. Why doctors can't prioritize care based on vaccine status

Articles : Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, October 2020

1. How nurse-led models of care are reshaping healthcare

Fedele, R.
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 10-12.

Nurses working in nurse-led models of care undertake comprehensive assessments, provide timely person-centred care, opportunistic education and support, continuity of care and link patients to other health professionals and services.

2. Bereavement in older people

Rawlings, D. & Devery, K.
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 14-17.

In caring for older people, loss and grief are common (Van Humbeeck et al. 2016) with grief described as the response to any loss in life (Neimeyer et al. 2014). Losses include those common to humanity, such as loss of independence or of health, or those associated with the death of family members and friends.

3. Issues: Mask-related skin injury during a respiratory pandemic - a wound CNC perspective

Sarah Sage., Monika Samolyk & Donna Nair
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 24-25.

Healthcare workers (HCW) are using personal protective equipment (PPE) more often and for longer wear times to reduce the risk of contracting or transmitting COVID-19.

4. End PJ Paralysis: An initiative to reduce patient's functional decline

Sue Sweeney., Shane Crowe., Wendy Watson., Bodil Rasmussen., Karen Wynter & Sara Holton
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 28-31

End PJ Paralysis is a patient and clinician engagement model that originated from the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom and was adapted to the Australian context by Western Health (WH). The model aims to reduce functional decline by encouraging patients to get up, dressed in everyday clothes, and moving.

5. Research and policy: Practical COVID-19 policy decisions - Fit checking and testing for P2/N95 respirators

Micah D J Peters & Casey Marnie
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 34.

Nurses and care workers account for a notable and likely underestimated proportion of COVID-19 infections and deaths around the world. This is likely to be underpinned by the fact that these workers provide more frequent direct care for people with COVID-19 exposing them to higher viral loads.

6. Issues: Ward Management of COVID-19 patient - case study outcomes at the Royal Melbourne Hospital - General Medical/Respiratory Ward-5SW

Vara Perikala
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 36-37.

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is believed to be zoonotic in origin. The disease was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11 March 2020.

7. Medicinal cannabis

Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 38-40.

As medicinal cannabis products become more readily available to consumers for therapeutic use, nurses and midwives will be involved in the dispensing of the products and monitoring their therapeutic effects.

8. Gaps in nurses knowledge of sleep health

Smyth, A.
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal. (2020, Oct). 27(1), 42.

Sleep is a fundamental biological requirement, necessary for life. While once we thought sleep was a passive process aimed at resting the body, we now know this is far from the truth.

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Articles : Canadian Geriatrics Journal, September 2021

9. Developing a Supplemental Assessment Tool for Younger Residents in Long-Term Care

Hazelton-Provo, Emma J & Weeks, Lori E 
Canadian Geriatrics Journal. (2021, Sep). 24(3), 1-4.

It has been established that the needs of long-term care residents under 65 are distinct from those of older residents, and that these needs are not sufficiently met through the current model of LTC.

10. Factors Associated With Patient Engagement in Shared Decision-Making for Stroke Prevention Among Older Adults with Atrial Fibrillation

Mehawej, Jordy., Saczynski, Jane., Abu, Hawa O., Gagnier, Marc., Bamgbade, Benita A., et al.
Canadian Geriatrics Journal. (2021, Sep). 24(3), 174-183.

To examine the extent of, and factors associated with, patient engagement in shared decision-making (SDM) for stroke prevention among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

11. The Cultural Diversity of Dementia Patients and Caregivers in Primary Care Case Management: a Pilot Mixed Methods Study

Yang, Xin Qiang., Vedel, Isabelle. & Khanassov, Vladimir
Canadian Geriatrics Journal. (2021, Sep). 24(3), 184-194.

The Canadian reality of dementia care may be complicated by the cultural diversity of patients and their informal caregivers. To what extent do needs differ between Canadian- and foreignborn patients and caregivers? What are their experiences with the illness in primary care case management?

12. COVID-19 and Long-Term Care: the Essential Role of Family Caregivers

Hindmarch, Whitney., McGhan, Gwen., Flemons, Kristin & McCaughey, Deirdre
Canadian Geriatrics Journal. (2021, Sep). 24(3), 195-199.

This study aims to evaluate the impact of visitor restrictions and resulting loss of FCGs providing in-person care to PLWD in LTC during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Articles : Mask wearing

13. Making the most of masks

from the Public Health Expert blog
NZ Doctor – 20 September 2021

Masks and vaccination have a central role in minimising the health and economic impact of COVID-19, regardless of the long-term strategy we use against the pandemic. Here we update evidence on mask effectiveness and make the case that mask use needs to be universal in all indoor environments at Alert Level 2, including workplaces, schools, and high risk settings such as gyms.

14. Sensory trick effect in craniofacial dystonia as one of the possible impacts of wearing face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic

Erbguth Frank & Lange, Rüdiger
Neurological Research and Practice. (2021). 3(1), doi:10.1186/s42466-021-00123-2

The report of a patient with blepharospasm during the COVID-19 pandemic suggested a potential ameliorating effect of wearing a face mask. We prospectively evaluated a possible symptom change through wearing a face mask in all consecutive patients with craniofacial hyperkinesias in our botulinum toxin outpatient treatment cohort.

15. From Anxiety To Control: Mask-Wearing, Perceived Marketplace Influence, And Emotional Well-Being During The Covid-19 Pandemic

Schneider, Abigail B & Leonard, Bridget
Journal of Consumer Affairs. (2021). doi: 10.1111/joca.12412

Mask-wearing has been one of the most prominent, conflicted, and deeply divided issues in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Across two studies, we seek to understand how beliefs and behaviors around mask-wearing are associated with the relationship between anxiety about the coronavirus and feelings of control over one’s health outcomes during the pandemic.

16. Wearing a mask—For yourself or for others? Behavioral correlates of mask wearing among COVID-19 frontline workers

Asri, Ankush; Asri, Viola; Renerte, Baiba; Föllmi-Heusi, Franziska; Leuppi, Joerg D; et al.
PLoS One. (2021, Jul). 16(7), e0253621. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253621

In this paper, we link measured risk preferences and other-regarding preferences to mask wearing habits among 840 surveyed employees of two large Swiss hospitals. We find that the leading mask-wearing motivations change with age: While for older people, mask wearing habits are best explained by their self-regarding risk preferences, younger people are also motivated by other-regarding concerns.

17. Wearing a N95 mask increases rescuer's fatigue and decreases chest compression quality in simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Tian, Yu; Tu, Xiaopeng; Zhou, Xianlong; Yu, Jiangtao; Luo, Shan; et al.
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine. (2021, Jun). 44, 434-438. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2020.05.065

N95 mask is essential for healthcare workers dealing with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, N95 mask causes discomfort breathing with marked reduction in air exchange. This study was designed to investigate whether the use of N95 mask affects rescuer's fatigue and chest compression quality during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

18. Change Over Time in Public Support for Social Distancing, Mask Wearing, and Contact Tracing to Combat the COVID- 19 Pandemic Among US Adults, April to November 2020

Barry, Colleen L., Anderson, Kelly E., Han, Hahrie., Presskreischer, Rachel & McGinty, Emma E
American Journal of Public Health. (2021, May). 111 (5), 937-948

To examine how sociodemographic, political, religious, and civic characteristics; trust in science; and fixed versus fluid worldview were associated with evolving public support for social distancing, indoor mask wearing, and contact tracing to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. Surveys were conducted with a nationally representative cohort of US adults in April, July, and November 2020.

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Events

19. Equity in Health Conference

Working differently to achieve equitable outcomes

Date: 22 - 23 Nov 2021
Venue: Wharewaka o Pōneke, Wellington

20. New Zealand Nursing Leaders' Summit

Nurses leading change

Date: 28 Feb - 1 Mar 2022
Venue: Ellerslie Events Centre, Auckland

21. 36th Industrial and Employment Relations (IER) Summit

Critical updates on: 

- The vision for employment and workforce relations 

- Alternative engagement of workers  

- The evolving legislation for the Holidays Act  

- Working from home restrictions, opportunities and considerations 

- Changing trends & remedies among employment referees 

Date: 30 - 31 Mar 2022
Venue: Auckland

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National news

22. ASMS - Our new report – a roadmap to health equity by 2040

28 Sept 2021 

In July ASMS co-hosted a virtual conference with the Canterbury Charity Hospital Trust to look at stark health inequities in Aotearoa New Zealand and look at solutions. Out of that we have written a report – Creating Solutions Te Ara Whai Tika which sets out a policy roadmap to health equity by 2040. The Creating Solutions Te Ara Whai Tika report finds that based on current trends, it will take a century for Māori to catch up with pakeha New Zealanders in terms of life expectancy

Our new report – a roadmap to health equity by 2040

23. Dementia cases expected to double by 2050, costs to reach $6b per year – report

Stuff – Sep 27 2021

The number of people living with dementia is expected to more than double in the next 30 years, with some ethnic groups at an even greater risk. Costs associated with managing the disease are also expected to skyrocket to $6 billion by 2050 – up from $2.46 billion in 2020.

24. How the pandemic became a referendum on work

From Sunday Morning, 11:06 am on 19 September 2021 

We're all out of kilter with work, Middlebury College professor of sociology Jamie McCallum says. So in his desire to learn more about this, he did an investigation into the history of labour, which he covers in his latest book, Worked Over: How Round-the-Clock Work Is Killing the American Dream.

25. Why 7000 steps a day might be the new target for health

When it comes to walking, we're often told that 10,000 is the number of steps we need to be taking each day for health. However, new research from the University of Massachusetts Amherst shows that might not be the miracle number we should be striving for.

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International news

26. Mental health days are on the rise in the corporate world, but they're not a silver bullet for workplace stress

ABC News – 21 Sept 2021

Nicole Scott has a better understanding than most of the importance of looking after your mental health. As a peer-support worker at a mental health organisation, she spends her days counselling people through their own struggles. The emotional toll the job can take is why the organisation has a clear policy for mental health leave — employees are encouraged to take it whenever they feel like they need to, no questions asked.

27. Tasmanian healthcare workers struggling with long COVID over a year on from north-west outbreak

ABC News – 21 Sept 2021

Anita* survives in the gap between living and dying. Her once full existence is now stunted by fatigue, difficulty breathing and severe joint pain. Anita lives with long COVID, which means she has continuing symptoms from her battle with coronavirus almost 18 months ago.

28. Why doctors can't prioritize care based on vaccine status

Opinion By Robert Klitzman – September 20, 2021

In taking the Hippocratic Oath, however, physicians commit to treating patients to the best of their ability, without prejudice. Health care professionals often see patients who develop emphysema from continued smoking; diabetes from maintaining a poor diet; and severe neurological damage from riding motorcycles without helmets. Of course, it's different when a patient's decision can potentially jeopardize the health of others.

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