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Issue 124 - 18 Feb 2010

World Day of Social Justice
20 February 2010


Patient Safety First: supporting improvements in infection prevention.
Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p2-5   

2. Tackling healthcare associated infections: an exploratory study of cleaners’ perceptions of their role. Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p6-10.   

3. Treatment of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in intravenous drug users co-infected with HIV. Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p12-18.   

4. Infection outbreaks in acute hospitals: a systems approach. Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11:p19-23.   

5. A pilot study of surveillance of intensive care unit associated infections in Scotland. Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p24-26.   

6. Erratum - 'Acquisition of proteinaceous contamination through the handling of surgical instruments by hospital staff in sterile service departments'. Journal of Infection Prevention 2009; 10: 106-111. Errors were published in figure 3a on page 109. The corrected figure appears in Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p27    
7. Diary - Details of conferences being held round the world from March to October 2010.
Journal of Infection Prevention 2010, 11: p28   

8. Nursing students must be grounded in research.
by Gelling, Leslie.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p3
The author suggests the importance for nursing students to have a fundamental knowledge of the research process if they are able to review the evidence available to them. He says that he is surprised that research still comprises a small part of the pre-registration nursing curriculum and that it is often treated as an inconvenient necessity. He suggests that university departments of nursing across Great Britain must have to rethink how they deliver research training. He notes the opportunities for nurses to combine clinical and academic careers.

9. Grounded theory: what's the point?
by Parahoo, Kader.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p4-7

The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on the historical and methodological context in which grounded theory developed and another on theoretical sampling.

10. Using survey data to assist theoretical sampling in grounded theory research
by Currie, Kay.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p24-33
Grounded theory methods can help to generate a theoretical explanation of social processes in specific contexts. This paper discusses theoretical sampling to guide interview participant selection and reflects on the practical application of this procedure to outline the value and limitations of using survey data in this way. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

11. Systematic review protocols: an introduction
by Whiting, Lisa.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p34-43
Systematic reviews are a thorough and efficient method of appraising literature and providing an evidence base for practice. However, to ensure that they are undertaken in a structured and comprehensive manner, it is crucial that a systematic review protocol is first formulated. While resources such as the Cochrane Collaboration provide extensive and valuable information in relation to the issues that should be considered, there is little immediately available in the nursing literature. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

12. A research routine to assess bias introduced by low response rates in postal surveys
by Ford, Rosemary; Bammer, Gabriele.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p44-53
Low response rates to postal surveys potentially bias study results. We used three approaches to determine why 46 percent of a sample were non-responders, and to analyse any potential bias. Labour force data, telephone interviews with a number of non-responders and trend examination showed that our study sample was no different to the known nursing population, that there were few differences between responders and non-responders and that there were no trends in differences between early and late responders respectively. Results suggest 'intenders', or potential responders who do not complete and return the survey, are a key factor in non-response in surveys of nurses. Analysis for response bias increases confidence in the interpretations and conclusions of any study and should therefore become standard survey practice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

13. Reconciling methodological approaches of survey and focus group
by Lawal, Muili.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p54-61
The aim of research, be it qualitative or quantitative is either to predict, describe or explain a phenomena and add to the body of knowledge within the context of a philosophical belief. Each study generates knowledge in line with a chosen paradigm, and uses appropriate data collection methods. Two such methods are surveys and focus groups, each of which will be chosen according to the aim of the research. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

14. Seeing both the forest and the trees: a process for tracking individual responses in focus group interviews
by Goodwin, Val & Happell, Brenda.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p62-67
Focus groups are a popular component of nursing research. While they have their advantages, a number of disadvantages are apparent, such as the difficulty involved in capturing individual responses. The use of a tracking sheet would allow the researcher to identify individual responses, and thus produce separate transcripts for each participant, which can be forwarded for verification or discussion. The advantage of this approach is that the researcher is able to obtain an account from individuals in addition to the group account. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

15. Uses of a research diary: learning reflectively, developing understanding and establishing transparency
by Clarke, Kathryn A.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p68-76
The author of this paper started a research diary to provide transparency to her study and to help her clarify thoughts and feelings - as well as to acknowledge factors that may have influenced her analysis. She found it helped in her development as a novice phenomenological nurse researcher through creative and critical thinking. She recommends all novice researchers keep a diary. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

16. Developing and testing attitude scales around IT
by Ward, Rod et al.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p77-87
Information technology (IT) is an integral component of the healthcare delivery arsenal. However, not all professionals are happy or comfortable with such technology. To assess professionals' attitudes to IT-use in the workplace, a new questionnaire, the Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health (ITASH), which comprises three scales that can be used to measure the attitudes of UK health professionals, has been developed. Here, the authors describe existing scales, why a new scale was required, and how analysing data from a questionnaire using exploratory factor analysis determined the components of the three scales: efficiency of care; education, training and development; and control. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

17. Subjects of concern: troubling categories
by Cox, Nigel.
Nurse Researcher, 2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1: p88-92
The author argues that nursing should aim to sharpen its own methodological and political intellect through conducting research in areas that mark the concern of the professions. He asserts that nursing is a practice-based profession, but it is not unique in this respect. He suggests the need for nurses to concern themselves with the methodologies they choose as well as the basic assumptions they made about the subjects and categories of their enquiries. He notes that the nursing practice has promoted a moral disconnect between politics and practice.

Journals - Table of Contents

18. From Nursing Times; 19 January 2010

18A. Cancer survivor plan means 'shift' in nurse skills [Practice and community nurses will need a range of new skills to help deliver a major government strategy to improve the care of cancer patients and survivors]

18B. Community nursing should be taught as separate degree[Community nursing should be offered as a degree subject separate from general nursing, according to a leading nurse academic]

18C. Darzi's promise to trainee nurses delayed for another year [Nurse pre-registration training will continue to be underfunded to the tune of £400m a year, as the Department of Health is stalling reforms promised in Lord Darzi’s next stage review for the second year running]

18D. Good mental health is rooted in social cohesion, not the individual [Mental healthcare has changed a lot in the past decade but there is no shortcut to national happiness and policy must now focus on promoting social cohesion, says Andy Young]

18E. Hollow political promises will not benefit the NHS [My local toy and sports shop apparently ran out of sledges on the first day of our recent flurry of snow. Yes, they had anticipated the possibility of a winter sales bonanza but sadly the bulk of their sledges were faulty. Or to put it another way - they were skateboards in the wrong boxes And so children did what they always do and improvised by sliding down hills on dustbin lids, trays or their parents

18F. How to ensure patient observations lead to prompt identification of tachypnoea [Tachypnoea is one of the first signs of patient deterioration. To prevent further decline it is essential to know how to assess and manage a high respiratory rate]

18G. Long days come with a high price for staff and patients [Jill Maben explains why 12 hour shift patterns are having a detrimental impact]

18H. New director of nursing at Barking trust [Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust has announced that Deborah Wheeler has taken up the post of executive director of nursing]

18I. NHS Evidence makes it easier to access the latest evidence based information [NHS Evidence allows staff to keep up to speed on best practice. One nurse describes how this has revolutionised the way he can provide effective care

18J. NMC 'single minded' about HCA regulation [The Nursing and Midwifery Council chief executive and registrar has told Nursing Times he is “single minded” about ensuring healthcare assistants are regulated nationally]

18K. Nottingham trust best gay friendly employer in NHS [Five NHS organisations appeared in the annual list of the UK’s top 100 lesbian, gay, and bisexual friendly employers, published by charity Stonewall]

18L. 'Nurses lack career structure', say Conservatives [Shadow health secretary Andrew Lansley said last week that nurses lacked the structured career paths that junior doctors benefited from]

18M. Nurses must be more efficient, says NHS director [Nurses need to increase their working efficiency more quickly than has been seen in recent years, the NHS national director for improvement and efficiency has said]

18N. Nurses take the lead in setting up an innovative service for people with personality disorder [People with personality disorder were often seen as revolving door patients but a service has cut hospital stays, reduced medication and increased independence]
18O. Nurses to create personal "brands" [Nurses would run hospitals and sell services directly to the public using their personal “brands”. This is the vision of the director of a network of nurses who recently discussed her ideas with Conservative Party leader David Cameron]

18P. Pay negotiators may focus on better conditions [Unions have hinted they may seek better working conditions over significant salary rises in this year’s pay negotiations due to the public sector spending squeeze]

18Q. Skills to ensure success in mentoring and other workplace learning approaches [Workplace learning can be supported using various approaches but for this to be effective it is crucial that those supporting learners have the right skills]
18R. Students face average debts of over £6,500 [The average nursing student can expect to finish their course with debts of between £6,500 and £7,000, according to results from the annual Unison student survey]

18S. Tuberculosis 2: exploring methods of diagnosis,  treatment regimens and concordance [Drug therapy and diagnostic techniques for tuberculosis continue to be developed. NICE guidance offers a standard approach to managing this infection]

Conferences, Training and Seminars

19. Australian Wound Management Association Conference
24-27 March 2010
Venue: Perth Convention
More information:

20. NETNEP 2010 — 3rd International Nurse Education Conference
11 Apr 2010 - 14 Apr 2010
Venue: Sydney, Australia
Topics: Education in clinical practice, History, policy & theory in education, Research methodology in nursing education, Teaching & assessment in practice, Teaching in health & social care education
More information:

21. WCC-2010 — BIT Life Sciences - 3rd World Cancer Congress (WCC)
22 Jun 2010 - 25 Jun 2010
Venue: Singapore
Abstract: WCC-2010 consists of 10 Scientific Tracks, panel discussions, free communications, poster presentations, and Exhibition booths that will cover all the main oncological aspects and will give you the opportunity to be updated in all the sectors in cancer sciences.
More information:

22. The 3rd International Conference on Fixed Combination in the Treatment of Hypertension, Dyslipidemia and
Diabetes Mellitus
18 Nov 2010 - 20 Nov 2010
Venue: Brisbane, Australia
Abstract: This meeting will bring together experts in the fields of internal medicine, cardiology, endocrinology, nephrology as well as primary care physicians and general practitioners and allow them to discuss the role of fixed combination in the treatment of hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus as well as learn about new combinations and future research directions in this field.
Topics: FDC, Diuretics, ACEI, Renin, CCB, Rosiglitazone, Pioglitazone, Glipizide, Polypill, statin, metformin, fibrate, Cardiologists, Nephrologists, Family practitioners, Internal Medicine, endocrinologists, primary care physicians
More information:

News – National

23. Minister calls for cancer follow-up
ODT - 16 Feb, 2010

Health Minister Tony Ryall wants Dunedin Hospital management to do more to find out what happened to 33 patients referred for colonoscopy. Commenting on the Southern Cancer Network audit on the 33 referrals, released yesterday, Mr Ryall said the hospital should not be waiting for these patients to contact it with concerns, but pro-actively seeking them out through their general practitioners.

24. Babies in Rotorua at greatest risk
The Daily Post - 16 Feb, 2010
Babies born in Rotorua are more likely to die before they reach their first birthday than anywhere else in New Zealand. But health experts say parents could prevent their child from becoming part of those statistics.

25. Turia links gambling with social deprivation
NBR - February 15 2010 
Half of New Zealand's problem gamblers live in the most deprived areas, associate Health Minister Tariana Turia says Mrs Turia said the New Zealand Health Survey showed Maori were about four times more likely to be problem gamblers than the rest of the population.

News - International

26. Going backwards under Gillard reforms
The Australian - 17 February 2010

YOLANDA Gleeson reckons she will lose $7 an hour from her pay packet -- between $250 and $300 every week -- when the full force of Julia Gillard's changes to standardise award agreements flow through by 2014.The pay cuts are a slap in the face to a woman who had been looking forward to a brighter future pledged by a Labor government that had said nobody would be worse off under its IR changes."I have worked in aged care for 20 years now -- we haven't had a pay rise in real terms since 2006, and with the new award I will possibly be paid less than I was in 2006," Mrs Gleeson, 49, said yesterday.

27. Hospital boards `open to abuse'
The Australian - 16 February 2010
TONY Abbott has refused to detail how he would prevent politicians appointing political cronies to boards that he proposes to create to administer public hospitals in Queensland and NSW. Kevin Rudd yesterday rejected the proposal as open to abuse and accused the Opposition Leader of making policy on the run.

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