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Issue 44 - 18 Dec 2012

Happy New Year to you all

The NZNO library has re-opened for 2013 and we look forward to assisting you with your information inquiries this coming year.

Undertaking Research over the Break?

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Articles - Motion Sickness

1. Travelling with babies and toddlers
Practice Nurse. 2/10/2012, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p26-30
The article offers pieces of advice when taking children to package holidays. It cites the role of practice nurses in emphasisng safety and non-vaccine preventable hazards including offering proper travel vaccines and anti-malarials. It notes that children especially babies and very young children are at risk of severe malaria and parents are advised not to take children to malarial areas. It suggests nurses to offer consistent advice that encompass nationally recognised recommendations..
By Gawthrop, Mary.

2. Finding Balance
By Borrell, Brendan. Scientific American. Apr 2009, Vol. 300 Issue 4, p24-26
This article discusses the possibility that poor posture can contribute more to motion sickness than conflicting sensory information does. While many researchers believe that the disorientation of the inner ear contributes to seasickness, Thomas Stoffregen is investigating the possibility that issues relating to posture contribute to the development of motion sickness. The potential implications of this research for space travel are considered..

3. Head maneuvers work best for common vertigo
Harvard Women's Health Watch. Aug 2008, Vol. 15 Issue 12,
The article provides information regarding the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which commonly occurs in people ages 60 and above. BPPV is triggered by certain changes in head position, such as when turning in bed or tilting the head backward to look up. The most common treatment for BPPV is physical therapy using various head and body maneuvers, habituation, motion sickness medications, home exercises, and surgery..

4. Habituation to Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation for Analysis of Susceptibility to Carsickness
By Balter, Susan G. T.; Stokroos, Robert J.; Van De Laar, Maikel M. M.; Hendrice, Nadia; Kingma, Herman. Acta Oto-Laryngologica. Aug 2004, Vol. 124 Issue 6, p690-694
Objective In a previous study we developed a standardized procedure for a reproducible quantification of galvanic-induced body sway (GBS). In line with other reports, GBS shows short-term (fast) habituation upon stimulus repetition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the degree of short-term habituation to galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is correlated with susceptibility to carsickness.
Material and Methods: A total of 24 female subjects underwent computer-controlled GVS as part of a prospective experimental study conducted in a tertiary referral center. A binaural 1-cosinusoidal stimulus of 0.5 Hz and 1 mA was repeated five times. Binaural stimulation was chosen to obtain maximum responses, making possible habituation to repetitive GVS obvious. The groups consisted of 12 subjects suffering from carsickness and 12 healthy subjects.
Results: Analysis of the repeated measurements test showed that the GBS-gain curve for the carsickness group was always superimposed on that for the healthy subjects. However, the (absolute) first to fifth GBS gains showed no significant differences ( p =0.134-0.995). When comparing short-term habituation in subjects suffering from carsickness versus healthy subjects, the results showed no differences in the mean values of the first (30.534% vs 27.024%), final (42.637% vs 38.544%) and average (35.544% vs 33.644%) habituations ( p =0.875, 0.991 and 0.951, respectively).
Conclusion: We did not observe any significant differences in sensitivity or habituation of the GBS in carsick subjects compared to healthy subjects. This implies that carsick subjects show a similar ability to discard an irrelevant, non-motion sickness-inducing galvanic stimulus as healthy subjects. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR].

Articles - Insect Bites

5. Outside In
By Newnham, David. Nursing Standard. 9/16/2009, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p26-27
A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience of dealing with mosquito bites after his summer vacation

6. Which treatments relieve painful muscle spasms from a black widow spider bite?
By Prongay, Rob; Kelsberg, Gary; Safranek, Sarah. Journal of Family Practice. Nov 2012, Vol. 61 Issue 11, p694-695
The article provides an answer to a question of painful muscle spasms reliever from a bite of a black widow spider..

7. When bed bugs bite
By Huntington, Mark K. Journal of Family Practice. Jul 2012, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p384-388
The article offers information on the things to manage bed bugs, a re-emerging public health problem in the U.S. It provides an overview on the biology and behavior of bed bug, which life cycle has seven stages. It suggests ways on how to clinical assessment patients with bed bug bites. Also presented are the symptomatic treatment of the bites and the ways eliminate the infestation..

Articles - Hives

8. Rash and hives not taken seriously enough
Journal of Family Practice. May 2011, Vol. 60 Issue 5, p303-308
: The article offers information on the lawsuit filed by a patient who suffered severe consequences as the doctor did not take proper care of his rash and hives on his torso and extremities..

9. Itchy skin rashes
Pulse. 9/19/2012, Vol. 72 Issue 30, p36-36
These five patients all presented with itchy rashes - can you diagnose the condition in each case? Includes photographs and answers.

10. Solutions to four summer health hazards.
By Kapp, Diana. Health (Time Inc. Health). Jun 2003, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p48
: Offers practical advice to combat four summer health hazards. West Nile virus; Heat-related illnesses; Killer bee sting; Lyme disease..


11. 2013 PHC Research Conference
Allies for better primary health care acknowledges that a network of allies is necessary to ensure a coordinated, strong and sustainable primary health care system.
10-12 July 2013
Venue: Hilton Sydney

Journal - Table of Contents

12. From Psychology Aotearoa, Volume 4 Number 2
Journal of the New Zealand Psychological Society
NZPsS Submission on Child Poverty
12B. Refugee policy issues in New Zealand
12C. Indigenous Australian Mental Health and Racism
12D. How best to support someone quitting smoking

13. From International Journal of Nursing Practice, Volume 18, Supplement 2, July 2012
Issue Theme: Cultural Competence in Nursing and Health Care
The Asian Research & Collaboration Center for Nursing & Cultural Studies in Japan (pages 4–7)
13B. Factors influencing Thai parent–child interaction in a rapidly changing industrial environment (pages 8–17)
13C. Comparing child-care values in Japan and China among parents with infants (pages 18–27)
13D. Cross-cultural research: Challenge and competence (pages 28–37)
13E. Effects of familiar voices on brain activity (pages 38–44)
13F. Evaluation of the training course for a nursing intervention programme to promote maternal role attainment in pregnant Japanese women who have undergone assisted reproductive technology (pages 45–55)
13G. Promoting cultural awareness in nursing education through international videoconferences (pages 56–61)

News - National

14. People living longer but sicker: study
NZ Herald - 15 Dec 2012

Nearly everywhere around the world, people are living longer and fewer children are dying. But increasingly, people are grappling with the diseases and disabilities of modern life, according to the most expansive global look so far at health threats. The last comprehensive study was in 1990 and the top health problem then was the death of children under 5 - more than 10 million each year. Since then, campaigns to vaccinate children against diseases like polio and measles have reduced that number to about 7 million.

15. Water in the drink?
ODT - 17 Dec 2012

The Government's much-criticised alcohol reforms have become law, with the Alcohol Reform Bill passing its third reading in Parliament last week. The Bill, which was split into the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Bill, the Local Government (Alcohol Reform) Amendment Bill and the Summary Offences (Alcohol Reform) Amendment Bill, was introduced to Parliament at the end of 2010, and was the Government's response to the Law Commission's 2010 report, ''Alcohol in Our Lives: Curbing the Harm'', instigated by the former Labour government.

16. What does calcium do for our bodies?
Stuff  - 11 Dec 2012

"I would like to know some details about calcium supplements. I know they are useful for bones, but if I don't take supplements I get restless sleep and night frights. I have taken magnesium alone, but that doesn't work so well. Hope you have some answers." Val

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